Brazilian Institute

By | April 6, 2014

In the scale politics of the Public Power, the legislation currently in vigor is centered in three levels of application, being able to be classified in federal, under responsibility of the Union; state, under the responsibility of the States and municipal, from the responsibility of the Cities. The different scales also possess distinct responsibilities, being that the federal sphere is responsible, in lower court, for the definition and establishment of generic general and normative lines of direction; the sphere state it regulates and it establishes the criteria for its respective jurisdictions whereas the municipal sphere in accordance with establishes and regulates the particularitities and especificidades the local characteristics, being that the municipal scale is always more restrictive than the state one, and this on the federal one. In accordance with Brazil (1991) to the federal agencies Secretariat of the Environment of the Presidency of Repblica (SEMAM) and Brazilian Institute of Environment and of Recursos Naturais Renovveis (IBAMA) fit the coordinating and normative task for the application of the ambient legislation in all Country. The legislation also attributes to the IBAMA the papers to act supplementary in the states where the ambient agencies are not fulfilling its functions duly and to act in the coordination and homogenization of procedures in the enterprises that are interstate. The paper of Executive Secretariat of the CONAMA still fits to the IBAMA (National Advice of the Environment), from where the ambient norms and standards in national level proceed maintenance of the units of conservation of direct and indirect use of the nature. The great responsibility attributed to the IBAMA is observed thus as regulating organism of the environment intervined in the most adverse relative situations to the environment. In the Great Letter the main abilities in the treatment of the planning questions and ambient preservation are defined. The competing legislation between Union, States and Federal District has its performance on forests, hunting, fishes, fauna, conservation of the nature, defense of the ground and the natural resources, protection of the environment and control of the pollution, as well as the protection of, cultural, artistic, tourist and paisagstico the historic site.


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