Thomas Malthus Thomas Robert Malthus (t m s b t m l s) (February 13, 1766 – Bath, 23 December 1834) was an English economist, belonging to the classical stream of thought, considered the father of demography. Thomas Malthus argued that poverty of the masses was simply the result of reproductive instinct of man, and did not depend on symptoms and social conditions of the time. It is known for his Essay on the Principle of Population (1798), which describes a principle that human population grows in geometrical progression, while livelihoods they do in arithmetic progression (Malthusianism).
Under these assumptions, we can say that can reach a point where people do not find sufficient resources for their subsistence, which is known as a Malthusian catastrophe.Despite these assumptions, we can not say that he had previously written and there is no evidence that he thought so, he is widely blamed for the corollary to this theory that resources are limited and the man is doomed to extinction under ideological currents with fatalistic tendencies. Malthus showed in his struggle between the human capacity of reproduction and food production systems, which considered it would be perpetual. Although the progression of population growth was greater than that of food production systems (livelihood), long-term powerful brakes come into play. The positive check (the population could be stopped by war, famine, pests or diseases) and the preventive check (the restriction of population growth by “prudence and prevention,” that is, abstinence or delayed age of marriage when the couple managed to accumulate a certain amount of money or other resources).”Thomas Malthus stated in his” Essay on the Principle of Population “that this growth would exceed the food supply in 1798. Malthus did not succeed because industrialization increased food production in rich countries and, incidentally, reduced their fertility rate.
When the population gets richer, the families are reduced when families and reduces the population is enriched. The mothers’ education helps explain this trend. ” The theory of Malthus’s population has helped the economy to be known as the dismal science. Malthus also made important contributions to the theory of value and measure, and the theory of crises and under-consumption. Malthus has been described by his principal biographer as “the best man of his time outraged”: indeed, despite the popular legend of his time as both later, was a gentle-tempered man, generous and gentle.Of his many friendships, the most significant for the history of ideas was held with David Ricardo, his intellectual adversary many times, but his ally in the pursuit of truth.
Citation needed One of the ideas that preoccupied Malthus was what he called a “general binding” keeping the distance in time, both in the past, as today, many companies produce goods which he called “essential”, such as food, and “nonessential” , such as luxury goods desired by people. Many companies have gone bankrupt by producing large amounts of property, then people do not buy, either because they are not interested in them because they are motivating, because I do not know or because they appear more innovative and much times cheaper.The historical development during the twentieth century, with the completion of the demographic transition in most of the countries of the world, has dropped his theories, and that food has grown in progression, in some cases greater than the population by advances in agricultural techniques. In the ’60s and ’70s, under the theme of “population explosion” neo-Malthusians demographers have emphasized the dangers that had population growth in underdeveloped countries. However, these scientists have a Eurocentric and biased analysis of demographics, since they pose as a problem something that happened in Europe in the nineteenth century and then to also regulate itself as the company changed the value of children as productive to just affectionate.