Central Gymnastic Institute

Siglo XIX Among the initiators of this modern gymnastics Francisco Amoros, whose work is education and moral gymnastics enjoyed enormous success throughout Europe. Much of the rapid development of gymnastics movement is due to Per Henrik Ling (1776-1839), founder of the Central Gymnastic Institute in Stockholm, whose thesis was “physical and moral perfection” of citizens through the exercise. His greatest contribution was to introduce the systematic exercise, and dosage instructions. Ling gymnastics divided into 4 branches: educational, medical, military and aesthetics. Although left no written work, their treaties were made known by his disciples and Georgii Liedbek in general fundamentals of gymnastics in 1840 which includes the term physical therapy, understood as the general notion of methodical exercises running the sick alone prescription medical, the therapist of a passive patient, or therapist and patient together.Ling’s system required a continuous exercise therapist’s personal attention. Gustav Zander concluded that with levers, pulleys and weights (mechano) could provide both resistance and support, eliminating the therapist, except to get the patient started treatment and regular monitoring. Weir Mitchell was the one who moved the European gymnastics skills to universities in the United States. Following the discovery of Galvani and Volta, many authors began to publish on healing by galvanism. Following the discovery of electric induction by Michael Faraday in 1831, this type of electricity joined therapy. Soon after, Douchene de Boulogne (1806-1875) highlighted the fact that certain excitability remain paralyzed muscles by faradic current, while others lost. From this we could differentiate between central and peripheral paralysis, leading to the practical application of electro.At the end of the century Jaques-Ars ne d’Arsonval began performing applications of high frequency currents determining the importance of tension and intensity. Inexcitability demonstrated neuromuscular and deep heat production in these streams. The use of macrosomic forces (air, water, soil and sunlight) resulted in the systematization of hydrotherapy and spa treatments. Anton Sebastian Kneipp (1821-1897), German pastor, was one of the major drivers of hydrotherapy. The applications used were the jets, cold baths, steam and hot washes and medicinal plants. His method was called “Kneipp cure. Wilhelm Winternitz (1835-1917), Viennese physician, consolidated hydrotherapy as medical science, laying its physiological bases and setting its directions, which led to the introduction into university teaching.Blunot Dowen and showed that solar radiation could destroy certain bacteria that led to some diseases, which provided the scientific support heliotherapy. But the use of sunlight as therapy was popularized by Arnold Rikli, who designed a sanatorium in Austria and achieved great results. At the beginning of the next century, and Rollier Benhard performed work that helped to sustain heliotherapy scientific foundation. The practice of massage revived by Johan Georg Metzger (1838-1913), who published in the late nineteenth century Ling methods applied to medicine in his book Treatise on dislocations of the foot by massage, which was very successful. Rated the gentle friction massage, friction, kneading and tapping. Championiere Lucas introduced the massage and the need for early mobility in fractures and sequelae.Faraday’s electromagnetic induction was carried mathematically by James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879), who enunciated the equations governing electromagnetic phenomena and bright. Traditional mechanics, built by Newton and Galileo, was challenged by demonstrations of Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (1857-1894) and Henri Poincar (1854-1912) on the propagation of electromagnetic waves. Were established at this time the principles of thermodynamics and they started to incorporate electromagnetic radiation treatment, ultraviolet and infrared produced artificially. Sys