Following is a coastal stretch of coastal zone very similar to the first described in Pinar del Rio, but with its own characteristics. Always each stretch, although it has similar physical and ecological characteristics, there are different aspects caused by local issues. That’s somewhat typical of all coasts, and Cuba is no exception. It should be noted that Cuba, despite being a small nation, has variety of coastal formations. There are a total of 5 749 km of coastline, of which 208.9 3 km. To know more about this subject visit A. F. Chief of Staff . correspond to the North Coast and 2 537 km. to the South. Our coasts are very irregular, with many incoming and outgoing.
Its length is therefore higher than the upper surface extension in countries. As an example among the first we have to Venezuela and France. While the first is nine times greater that Cuba, has a length of coasts of 3 726 km, little more than half of the Cuban, while the second, (France), which is five times larger than our country, it has a length of its shores has a development of 3 120 km, or even lower than that of Venezuela. Island countries such as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and the North of Ireland, whose area is double in Cuba, has a coastal length of only 3 050 km, lower value to the northern coast of Cuba. Taking the road beyond Varadero is reached the end of the Hicacos peninsula, where there is an ecological reserve called Varahicacos, already mentioned above. It has suffered reduction in their original area, which is a shame, because it still retains values. Observing the sea towards the Northeast is observed some cays and between these and the coastline an immense space of water. It is the Bay of Cardenas, one of the largest in Cuba, which occupies the western portion of the archipelago, that little more than 50 years was known in the books of Cuban education only as Sabana-Camaguey, which was inappropriate, because Spaniards, first navigators who observed between 1513 and 1514 already had baptized them with the name of Jardines del Rey, in honor of the Spanish King Fernando VII of Castile, husband of Isabel II of Aragon, the Spanish Catholic monarchs who made possible Cristobal Colon trips to America.